# Journal Writing In Solving Worded Problems: Does It Help?

Keywords:
experiences, journal writing, solving worded problems

### Abstract

Concern about teaching problem solving and mathematical thinking has paved way for the development of a writing-to-learn approach in math. This study explored on college students’ experiences in solving worded math problems, and the use of journal writing as a strategy in solving problems. The students’ experiences as seen in their journal served as the baseline data in the study. In making the journals, the students focused on key words, relationships, processes and lessons learned through writing statements, procedures and self-assessment. Findings of this study showed that students’ dispositions towards solving worded problems were altered with the use of writing and portfolio as their output. Based on the portfolios, the manner the students solve worded problems was anchored on three main processes, namely: identifying known and unknown variables, performing operations and algebraic methods, and writing reflections. In this study, students were required to do a lot of writing in their problem - solving activities. The use of journal writing in solving worded math problems is highly recommended because it is essential for independent learning, improving communication skills, approach for self–assessment, and it is an interactive activity that serves as a tool for teachers to assess students’ learning.### References

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Rosario, Juvenel Mark E. (2015). An Enhancement to Solving Word Problems in Algebra based from Newman’s Error Analysis. The 2015 MTAP-TL: Annual Convention Booklet. pp 35-36.

Rudnitsky, Al, et.al. “Learning To Solve Addition And Subtraction Word Problems Through A Structure-Plus-Writing approach Journal for Research in Mathematics Education Volume 26, Number 5, November 1995 pp.467-486.

Schoenfeld, A. (1992). Learning to think mathematically: Problem solving, metacognition, and sense making in mathematics. In D.A. Grouws (Ed.), Handbook of Research on Mathematics Teaching and Learning (pp. 165-197). MacMillan, New YorkVermont Department of Education. Using Writing and Mathematics Portfolios to Improve Student Learning.

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Weinstein, C.E., & Mayer, R. (1986). The teaching of learning strategies. In M.C. Wittrock (Ed.), Handbook of research on teaching (pp. 315-327). New York: Macmillan.

Winsor, P., & Ellefson, B. (1995). Professional portfolios in teacher education: Anexploration of their value and potential. The Teacher Educator, 31 (1), 68-91.

Wood, T., Cobb, P., & Yackel, E. (1995). Reflections on learning and teaching mathematics in elementary school. In L. Steffe & J. Gale (Eds.), Constructivism in education (pp. 401–422). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Writing and Problem solving. Retrieved on December 1, 2016 from http://wac.colostate .edu/books/language_connections/chapter3.pdf.

Edwards, B.P. (2008). "The Interplay among Prospective Secondary Mathematics Teachers' Affect, Metacognition, and Mathematical Cognition in a Problem-Solving Context" Middle-Secondary Education and Instructional Technology Dissertations. Paper 63. http://digitalarchive.gsu.edu/msit_diss/63

Eshun B, “Sex-differences in attitude of students towards Mathematics in secondary schools,” Mathematics Connection, vol. 4, pp. 1–13, 2004.

Glaser, B.G., & Strauss, A.L. (1967). The discovery of grounded theory: Strategies for qualitative research. Chicago: Aldine.

Laguda, R., FCS. (2007). Being called to mission for stakeholders in educational setting. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. De La Salle University, Manila Lesh, R. & Zawojewski, J. S. (2007). Problem solving and modeling. In F. Lester (Ed.), Handbook of research on mathematics teaching and learning (2nd ed., pp. 763{804). Charlotte, NC: Information Age.

Lerman, S., 1999, "Culturally Situated Knowledge and the Problem of Transfer in the Learning of Mathematics", in Learning Mathematics , Burton, L., (Ed), Studies in Mathematics Education Series, Falmer Press.

Lomibao Laila G. and Luna Charita A. (2016 ). The influence of Mathematical Communication on Students’ Mathematics Performance. EARCOME 7 Conference program: In Pursuit of Quality Mathematics Convention. pp 59.

Martinez Paula Jan P. (2015).Writing to Learn Mathematics: An Exploratory Study. The 2015 MTAP-TL: Annual Convention Booklet. pp 29-30.

Polya, G. (1945). How to solve it: A new aspect of mathematical method. Princeton University Press. Retrieved December 1, 2016 from http://books.google.com.ph/books ?id=X3xsg XjTGgoC&printsec=frontcover&dq=How+to+solve+it+by+polya(1945)&hl=tl&sa=X&ei=gNasT4n7Ks2biQezm4mPCQ&ved=0CDEQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=How%20to%20solve%20it%20by% 20polya(1945)&f=false.

Pujiastuti, Heni (2015). Enhancing Students’ Mathematical Communication Ability through Inquiry Co-operation Model. EARCOME 7 Conference program: In Pursuit of Quality Mathematics Convention. pp 59.

Romberg, T., A, 1994, "Classroom instruction that fosters mathematical thinking and problem solving: Connections between theory and practice." In A. H. Schoenfeld (Ed.), Mathematical thinking and problem solving (pp. 287-304). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Rosario, Juvenel Mark E. (2015). An Enhancement to Solving Word Problems in Algebra based from Newman’s Error Analysis. The 2015 MTAP-TL: Annual Convention Booklet. pp 35-36.

Rudnitsky, Al, et.al. “Learning To Solve Addition And Subtraction Word Problems Through A Structure-Plus-Writing approach Journal for Research in Mathematics Education Volume 26, Number 5, November 1995 pp.467-486.

Schoenfeld, A. (1992). Learning to think mathematically: Problem solving, metacognition, and sense making in mathematics. In D.A. Grouws (Ed.), Handbook of Research on Mathematics Teaching and Learning (pp. 165-197). MacMillan, New YorkVermont Department of Education. Using Writing and Mathematics Portfolios to Improve Student Learning.

Stenmark, J.K. (1991). "Mathematics assessment: Myths, models, good questions and practical suggestions." (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 345 943)

Weinstein, C.E., & Mayer, R. (1986). The teaching of learning strategies. In M.C. Wittrock (Ed.), Handbook of research on teaching (pp. 315-327). New York: Macmillan.

Winsor, P., & Ellefson, B. (1995). Professional portfolios in teacher education: Anexploration of their value and potential. The Teacher Educator, 31 (1), 68-91.

Wood, T., Cobb, P., & Yackel, E. (1995). Reflections on learning and teaching mathematics in elementary school. In L. Steffe & J. Gale (Eds.), Constructivism in education (pp. 401–422). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Writing and Problem solving. Retrieved on December 1, 2016 from http://wac.colostate .edu/books/language_connections/chapter3.pdf.

Published

2019-12-27

Section

Articles

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