Asia Pacific Journal of Social and Behavioral Sciences Asia Pacific Journal of Social and Behavioral Sciences en-US Copyright holder is the Bukidnon State University. (Dr. Bevery B. Bicar) Sat, 29 Dec 2018 07:18:02 +0000 OJS 60 Exploring Developmental Mathematics from Faculty Members’ Perspectives: How Internal and External Dynamics Influence Student Success in a Community College <p><strong>Exploring Developmental Mathematics in Community College: Faculty Members’ Perspectives on How Internal and External Dynamics Influence Student Success</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Objective: </strong>Recent studies have shown that successful completion of developmental mathematics can impact a students' academic achievement and completion of their educational goals. However, few students have examined the internal and external dynamics that can influence a students' level of engagement in developmental mathematics. To identify the internal and external factors that influence students‘ success at developmental mathematics courses at a community college based on the opinions of developmental mathematics instructors, class room observations, and institutional documents. The following research question guided the study: What internal and external dynamics influence student success in developmental mathematics at a community college? <strong>Method:</strong> We chose to conduct an exploratory case study using qualitative methods of data collection; interviews with developmental mathematics instructors, observations of developmental mathematics classes, and analysis of documents to understand the issue from multiple perspectives. Data were collected from developmental mathematics instructors at a community college located in the northern region of the east coast. <strong>Results:</strong> Findings indicated that internal dynamics related to the need for changes in institutional policies and guidelines can influence success in mathematics. External dynamics such as secondary schooling practices and local businesses involvement in the curriculum can weaken or strengthen the mathematics pipeline and influence student engagement. <strong>Contributions:</strong> This study uncovers some of the internal and external dynamics that can influence a students‘ engagement in developmental mathematics and subsequently her/his probability of achieving desired educational outcomes. Therefore, we discuss the importance for institutional leaders and external partners to examine practices that may impede student academic achievement.</p> Jeffrey S. Brooks (Author) ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 27 Dec 2018 01:27:01 +0000 An Initial Foray into the Productive Pedagogies Practices of an English language Program: Realities <p>Higher education institutions are learning organizations where academics and students are engaged in meaningful learning. A focus on students’ achievement of academic and social outcomes is important because we want to have professionals who have graduated with not only the content knowledge and skills, but also with the social skills, the process in which they observe the behavior of others and its consequences, and modify their own behavior accordingly. Professional culture of HEIs has to be periodically improved to meet the changing needs of the time. One of the many processes that may be looked into is the pedagogy or this this case the andragogy.</p> <p>Bukidnon State University is known as a teacher-trainer in the region. The university believes that it should be the innovators of education. It trains its student-participants to be trainers of teachers in the different divisions and regions of Mindanao. In the Graduate School it accepts the Department of Education scholars and teachers of Mindanao who want to become innovators. They are at the same time the administrators of their own schools. The university is also the K-12 service providers. This is why there is a need to study its own practices so that it will become more responsive to its clientele, and its graduate students would become better, if not the best teachers and educational administrators of their schools.</p> Maribel G. Valdez, Lina C Hidaglo (Author) ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 27 Dec 2018 01:28:20 +0000 Language and Maratabat: A Potential Source of Ethnic Conflict <p><em>In almost all societies, people find the speech of others an irresistible target of criticism. This study aimed to analyse how language can be a source of conflict between Maranaos and Bisaya-speaking residents in Iligan City and Cagayan de Oro City. Data were gathered using the qualitative method of research involving twenty respondents. The findings revealed that when Bisaya-speaking locales hear individuals speak Maranao language they become cautious and distrustful. The Maranaos shared the same reaction. Both groups tend to withdraw and avoid possible interaction for fear of being misunderstood and offensive. There were instances when the Maranaos, to avoid criticism and conflict, would try to speak fluently in Bisaya hiding the Maranao accent. Since interaction is inevitable between the two groups, this study documented words used that violated the maratabat of Maranaos. Maratabat is the Maranaos’ deep sense of personal honor, dignity, self-esteem, and reputation. This is one aspect that makes them different from the other ethnic groups in Southern Philippines. This study concludes that language can be a source of conflict for the Maranaos especially when their maratabat which gives them a sense of pride and honor that is violated. </em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Francis Thaise A. Cimene, Fiona Mary M Cabrillos, Maria Eliza D Santdander (Author) ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 27 Dec 2018 01:34:52 +0000 Self-Efficacy and Attitude towards Mathematics: It's Implication to Mathematics Learning <p style="margin: 0.06px 34px 0px 31px; line-height: 103%; text-indent: 18pt;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; line-height: 103%; font-size: 12pt;">The study explored the implication of cognitive model to mathematics learning. Specifically, it determined the relationship and effects of students’ attitude towards mathematics (ATM) and mathematics self-efficacy (MSE) to students’ mathematics performance. The study utilized the mixed method of research. The participants of the study were the 304 second year teacher education students to determine the causes, effects, and ways of overcoming negative ATM and low MSE. Results revealed that students’ ATM and MSE were both significantly correlated and affect mathematics performance<span style="margin: 0px; letter-spacing: -0.2pt;">. </span>The main cause of negative ATM was the teacher’s behavior and pedagogy. The causes of low MSE were personal ability; fear of committing mistakes; and destructive feedback from teachers. <span style="margin: 0px; letter-spacing: -0.15pt;">Students’ </span>negative ATM and low MSE resulted on students performing less in class. To overcome these challenges, teachers should treat seriously the need for improving the cognitive model among the students, because it influences their lives today and in the future. Teachers should help students manage their thoughts, emotions, and behavior positively towards mathematics. It can be done through teachers’ careful curriculum planning, writing, &amp; implementation with appropriate supported curriculum that aims to develop positive ATM and high MSE among students. The students also need their <span style="margin: 0px; letter-spacing: -0.15pt;">parents’ </span>support through monitoring, and checking their progress.</span></p> Christian Renales Repuya, Glorie Sumalinog Repuya (Author) ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 27 Dec 2018 01:36:41 +0000 Corporate Practices on Capital Investment Decision Analysis in Region 12: Their Contributions to Maximizing Company’s Value <p>This study aimed to examine the practices on capital investment decision analysis and sought to determine whether CIDA as a company practice has contributed to the improvement of shareholder’s value of selected corporations in Region 12.</p> <p>Corporations in Region 12 practice capital investment decision analysis / capital budgeting. Some companies follow the models specified in accounting text and some do not follow the models suggested by authorities but have formulated their own processes. Companies ensure that proposals selected have met the standards. In evaluating the investment proposals, they rely more and base their decision on qualitative factors. Although there are industries that are not benefited much by the practice on capital investment decision analysis, results show that on the average the practice has positive influence on company’s sales and profit and on the dividend received by the shareholders which are indication of enhanced company’s value.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Corporate capital investment decision analysis or capital budgeting along the processes of generation of investment opportunities, project analysis and approval, implementation, monitoring and controlling and post-implementation audit should be done and implemented by corporations for it can possibly improve or enhance company’s value.</p> Enrico Jr. Celestial Yee (Author) ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 27 Dec 2018 01:39:10 +0000 Exploring the Alternative Learning System Radio-based Instruction <p>A descriptive study was conducted to determine the effectiveness of the ALS radio-based instruction broadcasted by dxBU of Bukidnon State University using the variables on curriculum, teaching/learning methods, monitoring and evaluation, instructional materials, learning environment and classroom environment, and ALS-RBI leadership and the feedback of the implementers, barangay Education Committee chairs, coordinators, specialists, supervisor, and learners. Using a researchers-made instrument with Cronbach alpha 0.90, the study found that all participants strongly agreed that the above variables are effectively implemented, with ANOVA showing no significant difference in the responses with consistent feedback among the participants. There were identified concerns which thus formed the recommendations of the study.</p> Maribel G. Valdez (Chief Editor); Jiemalyn B Paulican, Jasmine J Adriatico (Author) ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 27 Dec 2018 01:41:04 +0000