Collaborative Skills of Pre-Service Teachers

Keywords: pre-services teachers' perceptions, students' collaboration, 21st-century skills, collaborative skills


This paper analyzed students’ perception of collaborative skills. Students were askedwhich areas on collaborative skills they needed improvement on and the challenges theyhad experienced in working with others. One hundred forty-seven first year studentsfrom the pre-service teachers’ program with majors in mathematics and physical scienceswere selected as the participants of the study using the purposive sampling method. Aquestionnaire was used for data collection. This study applied the descriptive researchdesign.Results of the study indicated that students developed some aspects of collaborationbut there was an area needing enhancement. The collaboration skills developed amongstudents were being sensitive in taking opinions from others, working in a positiveenvironment, giving positive to one another in order to improve as a group, acknowledgingthe works of others with compliments’, and understanding other’s point of view. The areaneeding improvement were on communication and interaction skills in order to motivateother members to share their thoughts and ideas.


Ali, T. (2012). A case study of the common
difficulties experienced by high school
students in chemistry classroom in GilgitBaltistan, Pakistan. SAGE Open, 2(2),
Bednarz, T.F. (2012). Strategies and solutions
for solving team problems. Quality Digest.
Quality Circle Institute, Inc.
Cornell University Center for Teaching Innovation
(2017). Collaborative learning: Group work.
Retrieved from https://www.cte.cornell.
Dataset, P. American Psychological Association
(APA), 2017. Crossref, doi
Gleeson, A., McDonald, J., & Williams, J. (2007).
Student perception of the effectiveness of
collaborative learning tutorials. Flinders
Business School Research Paper Series.
Graham, C. (Ed). (2001). Websters concise
dictionary. Random House Inc.: USA.
Hmelo-Silver, C.E. (2004). Problem-based
learning: What and how do students learn?,
Educational Psychology Review. 16(3), 235-
Hofstein, A. Shore, R., & Kipnis, M. (2004).
Providing high school chemistry students
with opportunities to develop learning skills
in an inquiry-type laboratory: A case study.
International Journal of Science Education,
26:1, 47-62.
Lazakidou, G. & Retalis, S (2009). Using computer
supported collaborative learning strategies
for helping students acquire self-regulated
problem-solving skills in mathematics.
Science Direct Journal.
Le, H., Janssen, J., & Wubbels, T. (2018).
Collaborative learning practices: Teacher
and student perceived obstacles to effective
student collaboration. Cambridge Journal of
Education, 48(1), 103-122.
Lew, M., Mesch, D., Johnson, D.W., & Johnson, R.
(1986). Components of cooperative learning:
Effects of collaborative skills and academic
group contingencies on achievement and
mainstreaming. Elsevier. Contemporary
Educational Psychology, 11(3), 229-239.
Loh, C. Y. R., & Teo, T. C. (2016). Students’
perception of collaborative learning,
conflict management and satisfaction in
a private educational institution learning
environment: An Asian case study. Journal
of Education and Social Policy, 3(3), 72-7.
Novitasari, N. F. (2019). Collaborative learning
in ESP speaking classroom: learners’
perceptions and experiences. KnE Social
Sciences, 309-319.9.
The University of Queensland. (2017). Problems
associated with group work. Student
Treagust, D., Duit, R., & Nieswand, M. (2016).
Sources of students' difficulties in learning
chemistry. Educación Química, 11(2), 228-
UNSW Teaching (2015). Dealing with group work
issues. Retrieved from https://teaching.
Vincent, T. (2017). Online tools for collaboration.
Learning in hand. Retrieved from https://
Webb, N. M. (2009). The teacher's role in
promoting collaborative dialogue in the
classroom. British Journal of Educational