Hydrologic Model for Flooding in Manupali Watershed and Its Implications to Land-Use Policies

Keywords: Hydrologic Model, Flooding, Land-use Policies, Manupali Watershed


Flooding has become a recurring event in the Province of Bukidnon, causing severe destruction to houses, buildings, infrastructure, and livelihood. Since the province is not exempted in flooding events as an impact of typhoons, understanding the watershed hydrologic behavior is essential for vulnerability and risk assessment as to disaster preparedness and risk reduction. The study aims to analyze the hydrologic response of Manupali watershed through flood hazard maps, hydrologic, and hydraulic models. This paper presents the combination of geographic information system, high -resolution digital elevation model (DEM), land cover, observed hydro-meteorological data, and the combined hydrologic engineering center-hydrologic modeling system and river analysis system models. The hydrologic model assesses the relationship between rainfall and discharge of the watershed and the hydraulic model computes the flood depth and flow pattern in the floodplain. Upon calibration, the over-all performance of the hydrologic model was rated very good in its performance based on the standards set by Moriasi et al. (2015) with index values of 0.89, 0.75, 0.46. The calibrated hydrographs were used to produce flood hazard maps in 2, 5, 10, 25, 50, and 100-year return periods, and assessed the number of flooded buildings in each flood hazard level per return period. The flood hazard maps may contribute to science-based land-use policy formulation, land-use zoning, planning, and management to mitigate extreme rainfall-induced flood risks in the affected barangays in the Manupali watershed.


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